News, Events and Blog Postings

Surveillance of zoonoses in livestock and humans: experiences from AHITI interns cohort 5

Surveillance of zoonoses in livestock and humans: experiences from AHITI interns cohort 5

Our participation in the ZooLinK suite of projects will remain memorable. We have acquired sufficient knowledge and experience through the exposure given to us by ZooLinK staff and our participation in the target areas of the project. Since we joined the project on May 2018, we have rotated among the three functional units of the project, namely: (1) veterinary team who visit the livestock markets and slaughterhouses; (2) laboratory team and (3) clinicians team who visit the health centres. The following report will focus on the veterinary team. It describes the activities carried out therein and their relevance to the project.

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Establishing a serum bank of samples from confirmed cysticercosis positive and negative pigs

Establishing a serum bank of samples from confirmed cysticercosis positive and negative pigs

This serum bank will serve as a platform for future development and validation of diagnostic tools that will allow for a quicker and more accurate diagnosis of porcine cysticercosis. The disease is zoonotic, meaning that it can be transmitted between humans and animals (pigs). The tapeworm, Taenia solium, causes taeniasis in people and can cause abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and indigestion. The larval stage of the worm can infect both pigs and people. In people, the larval stage can become encysted in the brain and/or spinal cord, causing neuro-cysticercosis. This is an important cause of acquired epilepsy – a debilitating disease. The signs of the disease in humans include seizures, chronic headaches, dementia, and may result in death.

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Surveillance of Zoonoses in livestock and humans: a note from the post-doc

Surveillance of Zoonoses in livestock and humans: a note from the post-doc

We have been sampling in the twelve selected live-stock markets, four each in the counties of Busia, Bungoma and Kakamega. At each market, we are collecting data on, and biological samples from, up to ten randomly selected cattle and small ruminants. Sampling in livestock markets can be challenging as traders are busy people who want to sell their animals. Moreover, some shared with us the perception that having their animal sampled may send the wrong message to future buyers. We are reminded once again of the importance of engaging local stakeholders at an early stage to help explain the study purpose and facilitate study participation.

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An account of the 11th TAWIRI conference featuring presentations from our team

An account of the 11th TAWIRI conference featuring presentations from our team

The eleventh Tanzania Wildlife Institute (TAWIRI) conference themed, “People, livestock, and climate change: Challenges for sustainable biodiversity conservation”, was held from 6th to 8th December 2017 at the Arusha International Conference Centre (Fig.1). The conference had over 300 local and global participants with diverse knowledge on wildlife conservation with 4 keynote papers, 3 symposia, and 7 parallel sessions amounting to 167 oral and 19 poster presentations whose findings are intended to contribute to wildlife conservation in Tanzania and the region.

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Everybody needs to work together to address antibiotic resistance

Everybody needs to work together to address antibiotic resistance

Where we work in East Africa, as in many other parts of the world, an additional problem is that antibiotic sales and use are frequently unregulated. A lot of commercial animal feed still contains antibiotics – so always check the label and ask the vet or seller if you are in any doubt. Good hygiene in animal production is much better as a preventative, as this can also help reduce viral and parasite infections that will not be helped by in-feed antibiotics in any case. If animals are sick, then involving a vet at an early stage is important to get the right treatment, rather than just buying a drug from an untrained seller and hoping for the best. Especially in remote rural areas, antibiotics may be on sale in the local kiosk, alongside the soap, candles and sweets.

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World Antibiotic Awareness Week: a look at Kenya

World Antibiotic Awareness Week: a look at Kenya

On 14th November, the Kenya Veterinary Association (Twitter @KVANational) hosted a Continuous Professional Development (CPD) event at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya. The Faculty is a collaborator in many of the ZED group’s projects, and recently, we have been awarded funds to develop a joint programme, with a number of other partners, on Antimicrobial Resistance. Thus, an AMR CPD event, part of #WAAW, was a good opportunity to talk to stakeholders.

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Our Work in Pictures

March 25, goes live! [...]
March 25, 2015Applications open for post-doctoral position jointly with Achim Schnauffer’s group (IIIR, Edinburgh) and funded by CIIE The Zoonotic and Emerging Disease group studies a range of epidemiological issues revolving around the domestic livestock, wildlife and human interface [...]
March 25, 2015Article on the burden of Human African Trypanosomiasis published in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases [...]
March 25, 2015Eric Fèvre speaking at the ‘Living with Climate Change (LWEC)” Health Workshop hosted by the Scottish Government (on globalisation, trade and animal disease) [...]
March 25, 2015Article on peri-urban brucellosis in Uganda published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Science [...]
March 25, 2015We co-authored an article reporting progress on the mapping of the population at risk of sleeping sickness, “Towards the Atlas of human African trypanosomiasis,” published in the International Journal of Health Geographics [...]
March 25, 2015We participated in the World Health Organization’s latest output on neglected zoonoses: “Integrated Control of Neglected Zoonotic Diseases in Africa: Applying the ‘One Health’ Concept.”  Now available with full text on-line here [...]
March 25, 2015We co-authored an article reporting the results of a pilot study on the epidemiology of cysticercosis (Taenia solium) in Uganda, published in the Journal of Parasitology Research [...]
March 25, 2015We are taking informal inquiries from interested parties relating to a research assistant post on quantifying the burden of communicable diseases in Europe [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome Cheryl Gibbons, who is working on estimating the burden of infectious diseases, to the group [...]
March 25, 2015Nicola Batchelor publishes key work on the spatial epidemiology of sleeping sickness in Uganda in PLoS NTD [...]
March 25, 2015Applications are no longer being accepted for the PhD position on the epidemiology of neglected, zoonotic diseases. The Zoonotic and Emerging Disease group studies a range of epidemiological issues revolving around the domestic livestock, wildlife and human interface [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome James Akoko, Omoto Lazarus, Alice Kiyonga and Edward Onkendi to the group.  [...]
March 25, 2015Our paper on the comparative value of diagnostic tests for animal trypanosomiasis in Western Kenya is published in PLoS ONE [...]
March 25, 2015Our jointly-authored paper on serological patterns of zoonotic infections in cattle in Cameroon is published in PLoS ONE [...]
March 25, 2015The British Veterinary Association newsletter for Feb 2010 features an article on Lian Doble’s research in Western Kenya [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome John Mwaniki, Hannah Kariuki, Fredrick Opinya and Jenipher Ambaka to the group, who come to use through our collaboration with the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI). See staff page [...]
March 25, 2015The Veterinary Record features the activities of the PAZ project on neglected zoonoses in Kenya [...]
March 25, 2015We are very pleased to announce the start of our latest project on the drivers of the emergence of zoonotic and food-borne diseases in urban environments, funded through the MRC/LWEC ESEI scheme [...]
March 25, 2015The International Livestock Research Institute features the work of the PAZ Project on the ILRI blog [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome Katie Hamilton to the group; Katie will be working on preparing a research programme on urban zoonotic diseases in Kenya [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome William de Glanville and Annie Cook to the group; Will and Annie are starting PhD programmes focussing in different aspects of zoonotic disease epidemiology [...]
March 25, 2015Our jointly authored publication, led by Lucas Matemba on the burden of human sleeping sickness in Tanzania is published in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases [...]
March 25, 2015Our analysis of the risk of brucellosis transmission through the milk distribution network in Kampala, Uganda, led by Kohei Makita, is published in PLoS ONE [...]
March 25, 2015Our research group was part of the 3rd International Conference on Neglected Zoonotic Diseases at WHO, Geneva; this has resulted in a position statement on neglected zoonoses issued by WHO [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome Elijah Juma to the group, working on his MSc project at the University of Nairobi, on human behaviour and the risk of parasitic disease transmission. [...]
March 25, 2015Applications are now CLOSED for the recently advertised Clinical Officer and Community Health Worker posts. [...]
March 25, 2015The Good Practice Guide for Quantitative Veterinary Epidemiology, which we have been involved with developing, is released this month [...]
March 25, 2015The work of our project on zoonoses in livestock and humans in Western Kenya features on the Catalyst Programme on Australia’s ABC television [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome Daniel Cheruiyot and Lorren Alumasa, both Clinical Officers, to the team in Busia [...]
March 25, 2015Congratulations to MSc student Elija Juma, who has been selected to attend ”Advances in knowledge of parasite resistance of ruminant hosts ” taking place in São Paulo, Brazil in September 2011 [...]
March 25, 2015Applications for the ILRI-AusAid-CSIRO sponsored PhD position on African Swine Fever epidemiology are now closed. [...]
March 25, 2015Lian Doble and Annie Cook participate in the Advanced Epidemiology Course at the South African Centre for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis (SACEMA) [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome Hannah Johnson (University of Edinburgh UK) and Mason Jager (Cornell University USA), summer undergraduate students working on the PAZ project [...]
March 25, 2015We are participating in a World Rabies Day dog vaccination and rabies awareness activity in Kiambu West District of Kenya – this is managed by the Kenya Women’s Veterinary Association (KVWA) [...]
March 25, 2015Our group co-hosts (with ILRI) a workshop on developments in pen-side diagnostics for Taenia solium cysticercosis. [...]
March 25, 2015Results of studies investigating brucellosis in Kampala, Uganda, on herd prevalence/risk factors and spatial distribution of human cases, are published [...]
March 25, 2015Dorte Dopfer from the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine visits our Kenyan projects with a UW Global Health Institute award [...]
March 25, 2015The World Health Organization releases the Atlas of Human African Trypanosomiasis, which received contributions from our group [...]
March 25, 2015Our group is represented at a Joint Colloquium on Zoonoses and Neglected Infectious Diseases of Africa, in Johannesburg, South Africa [...]
March 25, 2015The PAZ Busia Laboratory molecular and serological diagnostic facility is built – in association with the ILRI/BecA AusAid-CSIRO African Swine Fever project [...]
March 25, 2015ILRI publishes a series of posts on the ILRI-BioLives blog, entitled “A Day in the Life of the PAZ Project” [...]
March 25, 2015We begin our work (with our many partners) on an ESEI-funded project on disease emergence in urban Kenya [...]
March 25, 2015The Wellcome Trust publishes a blog posting highlighting our work on zoonoses. [...]
March 25, 2015LCIRAH PhD opportunity on Campylobacter in Kenya and the UK, applications now CLOSED [...]
March 25, 2015Listen to the April edition of Edinburgh’s School of Biology ‘BioPod’ podcast, which features our PAZ project in Kenya [...]
March 25, 2015We are pleased to welcome Sonia Fèvre from Veterinarians Without Borders Canada (VWB/VSF), who visited our field sites in Kenya on a fact finding mission [...]
March 25, 2015Two funded PhD positions on 1) clinical epidemiology of diarrhoea b) role of peri-domestic wildlife in urban pathogen emergence – now closed [...]
March 25, 2015Statistical modelling PhD position now closed – we are no longer accepting applications [...]
March 25, 2015Postdoctoral research fellowship in statistical epidemiology – applications now closed [...]
March 25, 2015Congratulations to Annie Cook for winning the best poster prize at the recent International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE) meeting. Click to view  ISVEE2012 poster EAJ Cook [...]
March 25, 2015Sam Kariuki, our collaborator on the ‘Epidemiology, ecology and socio-economics of disease emergence in Nairobi’ project, wins the 2012 Royal Society Pfizer Award. Congratulations! [...]
March 25, 2015Nicola Wardrop, MRC Fellow at the Department of Geography, University of Southampton, visits our group at ILRI to discuss collaboration and presents a seminar. [...]
March 25, 2015Our work on urban zoonoses features in a news article from the US newspaper the “Global Post”: Urban farming: A lesson from Africa. [...]
March 25, 2015The laboratory technician job opening, through the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi, is now closed for applications. [...]
March 25, 2015We are recruiting two clinical officers (closing date 16 Jan) through the International Livestock Research Institute to support a project on urban zoonoses. [...]
March 25, 2015Nicola Wardrop et al publish a paper on landscape associated risk of human African trypanosomiasis, in BMC Infectious Diseases [...]
March 25, 2015Members of our research group share results and participate in the USDA-USAID-ILRI workshop on “An integrated Approach to Controlling Brucellosis in Africa” [...]
March 25, 2015Clinical officer posts now closed for applications.  Thanks for your interest. [...]
March 25, 2015Our University of Nairobi partners on the “Urban Zoo” project are recruiting a laboratory technologist and an enumerator for the project. [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome Pablo Alarcon from the Royal Veterinary College to our urban zoonoses project team [...]
March 25, 2015Pork tapeworms make headline news in Australia [...]
March 25, 2015All Kenya-based field activities in the group are put on hold for one week during the national elections which take place on 4 March 2013. [...]
March 25, 2015Lian Thomas, Will de Glanville, Annie Cook and Eric Fèvre publish the first study of free range domestic pig ecology, in BMC Veterinary Research [...]
March 25, 2015Eric Fèvre and Will de Glanville are at WHO, Geneva, for the Fifth Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG) meeting [...]
March 25, 2015Annie Cook attends the 23rd European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases in Berlin, Germany [...]
March 25, 2015James Akoko, Velma Kivali and Alice Kiyong’a attend the Kenya Veterinary Association conference in Mombasa, Kenya [...]
March 25, 2015Our study of free range pig ecology in Kenya gets press attention, including at the Kenyan Standard newspaper (print only) and the The People newspaper [...]
March 25, 2015PhD opportunity: “Peri-domestic wildlife in urban Nairobi: ecology and epidemiological role in zoonotic pathogen emergence” Now closed – thanks for your interest The Zoonotic and Emerging Disease group studies a range of epidemiological issues revolving around the domestic livestock, wildlife and human interface [...]
March 25, 2015Our group has moved!  Our new institutional affiliation is the Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool.  We are still physically based at ILRI, Nairobi [...]
March 25, 2015Velma Kivali attends a Leverhulme Trust sponsored workshop on “Molecular Systematics, DNA Barcoding and Bioinformatics” Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania [...]
March 25, 2015We are presenting work on the livestock-human-wildlife interface at AITAM in South Africa [...]
March 25, 2015Paper published: “The dispersal ecology of Rhodesian sleeping sickness following its introduction to a new area” in PLoS NTD [...]
March 25, 2015The first Urban Zoonoses project Quarterly Newsletter is out! Urban Zoo Newsletter November 2013 [...]
March 25, 2015Annie Cook wins 3rd Prize at the Medical Research Council Centenary ‘Celebration of International Collaboration’ for early career researchers in London. [...]
March 25, 2015Paper published: “The global burden of foodborne parasitic diseases” in Trends in Parasitology [...]
March 25, 2015 UrbanZoo research technician posts now filled.  Thanks for your interest [...]
March 25, 2015 Will de Glanville publishes on “Spatial multi-criteria decision analysis to predict suitability for African swine fever endemicity in Africa,” in BMC Vet. Research [...]
March 25, 2015Our paper published: “Incorporating Scale Dependence in Disease Burden Estimates: The Case of Human African Trypanosomiasis in Uganda” in PLoS NTD [...]
March 25, 2015Output of our ECDC collaboration published. [...]
March 25, 2015Issue 02 of the Urban Zoo newsletter is Urban Zoo Newsletter Issue 02 Feb 2014 [...]
March 25, 2015Our team is at two Kenyan conferences during the week of 23rd April…. [...]
March 25, 2015Welcoming Maurice Karani and Patrick Muinde [...]
March 25, 2015We welcome postdoc molecular biologist Gemma Chaloner to the team in Liverpool. [...]
March 25, 2015 We are very pleased to announce our new major funding award: “Zoonoses in Livestock in Kenya (ZooLinK)”, funded by the ZELS programme [...]
March 25, 2015We are jointly hosting a workshop in Nairobi with CIIE Edinburgh on phylogenetics: “From Faeces to Phylogenetics” [...]
April 8, 2015Sam Kariuki, our collaborator on the ‘Epidemiology, ecology and socio-economics of disease emergence in Nairobi’ project, wins the 2012 Royal Society Pfizer Award. Congratulations! The Zoonotic and Emerging Disease group studies a range of epidemiological issues revolving around the domestic livestock, wildlife and human interface [...]

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